(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Pueblo de Mainit, 1749

from my current readings:
Caraga Antigua 1521-1910
The Hispanization and Christianization of Agusan, Surigao, and East Davao
Fr. Peter Schreurs, MSC
2nd Edition, 2000
National Historical Institute

on page 251 (English)
1749 - Population of Mainit: 610

and on page 258 (Spanish):
Pueblo de Mainit
"... y de seis cientos, y diez Almas"
(.. and 610 souls/believers)

as reported in:
"En la Isla de Mindanao, y Provincia de Caraga del Obispado de Zebu tenemos los Pueblos, y Ministerios Siguentes"
Recoleto Archives in Marcilla, Spain

Lake Mainit was already reflected in the following maps:
1734 - Map of Murillo Vellarde
1751 - Map of Franciso Alegre

I thought that in the middle 1800s, Mainit was just a barrio of Placer, in reference to the leadership of Don Capitan Hilario Mosende (Ayong). Apparently, as early as 1749 (Shreurs, 200o), Mainit was already considered a "pueblo" of the Province of Caraga, together with Sapao (pop: 635), Gigaquit (pop: 700), Surigao (pop: 500), Caolo (Old name of Siargao - pop: 850).

Aug 29, 2005


Peter said...

The maps I saw at the Lopez Museum have these things:

1. The 1744 map of Pedro Murillo locates Mainit Lake but had no name.

2. The 1752 map of Du Roy names it 'Lac de
Sampongan'. What's a 'sampongan'?

Peter said...

btw, nauna baja an Paco sanan Matin-ao kaysa Mainit pagkatukod. An mga lumulopyo sa Paco sanan Matin-ao kasagaran gikan sa Tubod na gikan sab sa Bohol. Amo na iban an sinultihan nan taga-Mainit sa mga taga-Paco sanan taga-Matin-ao. Amo ini ako nabaling na asuy. :)

Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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