(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Mainit in 1749

This is a reproduction of a page from"En la Isla de Mindanao, y Provincia de Caraga del Obispado de Zebu tenemos los Pueblos, y Ministerios Siguentes" in the Recoleto Archives in Marcilla, Spain

as printed in the book of Fr. Peter Schreurs, MSC
Caraga Antigua 1521-1910
The Hispanization and Christianization of Agusan, Surigao, and East Davao (2nd Edition, 2000)
National Historical Institute

It says that: "Pueblo de Mainit ... y de seis cientos, y diez Almas"
Meaning, that in 1749, the town of Mainit had a population 610 (almas or souls or believers).

Notice too that the present day municipality of Jabonga, Agusan del Norte is referred to as Pueblo de Habongan.

I thought that in the middle 1800s, Mainit was just a barrio of Placer, in reference to the leadership of Don Capitan Hilario Mosende (Ayong). Apparently, as early as 1749 (Shreurs, 200o), Mainit was already considered a "pueblo" of the Province of Caraga, together with Sapao (pop: 635), Gigaquit (pop: 700), Surigao (pop: 500), Caolo (Old name of Siargao - pop: 850).

'Lac de Sampongan' (French for Lake of Sampongan) in the 1752 map of "Du Roy" must be referring to the Lake of Habongan or the present-day Lake Mainit where Jabonga shares part of the lake.

Other related photos:

The title of the document where the 1749 population data of Mainit was printed.

Excerpt's from Fr. Schreurs' book on the above Recoleto documents.

This is an update of my post entitled: Pueblo de Mainit, 1749

By: Zimmbodilion Mosende
Jan 5, 2006

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Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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