(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Mainit of Yesteryears: Pusturawo - Circa 1920

Here's a picture of Lola Payla (Rafaela Mongado-Sim Chico, second from left) with family members. Her youngest daughter, Lola Inyang (sister of Lola Tisay, middle) looks like she's in her early 20s, so this photo must have been taken in the 1920s. (I hope you can help me identify the rest of those in the picture). Payla, also fondly called Pay-og, was the wife of the number 8 registered Chinese migrant of Surigao who settled in Mainit, Sia Sim Chico.

I would have wanted to auto-enhance this photo using Photoshop, but it gives me a Black and White version. I like this original sepia-like color which portrays the color scheme of photographs in Mainit during these years.

We use Pusturawo (Minainit) or Sputing when we describe well-dressed Mainitnons. And usually, since photo ocassions are quite rare in those days, most photographs that we see, like those that I have featured from the Mosende Archives, have Mainitnons so pusturawo and sputing.

(To Mainitnons: if you want your photos to be featured here, email me at
By: Zimmbodilion Mosende
Jul 19, 2006

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Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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