(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Saturnino Libarnes

Another rare find, and this is so special to me... the ORIGINAL signature of my great, great grandfather Saturnino Libarnes (father of Damiana Libarnes, grandfather of Lolo Vedasto "Bitoy" Libarnes Mosende). Courtesy of the Philippine National Archives.

This is from an 1853 document entitled: "Provincia de Caraga Ano de 1853 Pueblo de Maynit, Cuenta comunal que presenta el Gobllo del espresado ano." I guess this is an annual report submitted by the Pueblos on the products and taxes collected for the year.

Note that Maynit (Mainit) was a pueblo of the Province of Caraga even in the mid 1800s, a similar status enjoyed by the the pueblos of Surigao and Gigaquit as indicated in 1749 (see related post here). This brings me to ask: when was Mainit declared a barrio of Placer, where Saturnino Libarnes were thought to be one of the original Capitanes? Basin 1900s na, when Placer bolted out of Gigaquit? But why a pueblo (Mainit) be demoted to a barrio and become part of a former barrio (Placer)?. Hmmm.

Going back to the document, it also contains original signatures of two more main signatories "principales y cavesas" - Selverio Muparce (dili kaha kun Mupas ini?) and Anastacio Libarnes.

Signed in the presence of ("firmanos el presencia de 31 de Deciembre de 1853"):
Fernando Mongado, Minero Montaner, Maurecio Mosende, Domingo Mosende, Geraldo Galve, Damaro Molita, Doroteo Jolvisano (amo na ini an Julvesano), Arancio Libarnes, Antonio Mosende, Fermin Cepeda, Romualdo Mosende, Vidal Murcilla, and Francisco Mohar (Mojar kaha ini or Mozar?).

Thanks to Ate Thelma Palabrica (Teng's eldest sister) who were able to get a copy at the National Archives. This is so exciting and I will really devote a day or two going to the archives.

I have already traced 179 names from Lolo Saturnino down to it's 8th generation of descendants (visit Each is assigned a unique code and identifier. I hope the rest of the Libarnes and Mosende families will be triggered to help me update our family tree.

I also found a very good free software of creating family trees, Here's an excerpt of the Saturnino Libarnes line and how it branched out to me - Zimmbodilion.

Hope I have more time to read and do research. Please clone me (hehehe).

Post: Zimmbodilion (
Jan 20, 2008

Note: Four years before this report was submitted, on November 21, 1849, then Governor General Narciso Claveria issued a decree to adopt a standardized records of Filipino names and surnames. I DOUBT if Libarnes and Mosende are from the catalogue.

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Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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