(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

Who are the founders of Mainit?

Gigi has beautifully written a story of Mainit (published by Monyx here and posted in the Pidjanga Blog here). Congrats Gi! We are fortunate enough to have the first hand accounts of the first chief official of Mainit, Antonio Grecia Mozar, when Mainit became a municipality. Thanks to Ma'am Alice Mozar.

My caretera write up, has had first hand accounts too of Lolo Bitoy (Vedasto Libarnes Mosende), during my personal encounters with him. As you can recall, Lolo Bitoy was Lolo Tonio's Vice President.

What we need to establish is who was the first capitan? and who are with him when Mainit was created a barrio? When?

The Poblacion of Mainit was founded by Saturnino Libarnes and companions, when inhabitants of our town decided to transfer from Daang Lungsod to the current Barangays of Quezon and Magsaysay.

The Municipality of Mainit was founded on December 27, 1930 by virtue of Executive Order No. 290, probably by the prompting of its prominent leader Ceferino "Pinoy" Lozada, the Mayor of Placer (when Mainit was founded), and with the strong support from Lolo Tonio and Lolo Bitoy. Officially, by end of this year, Mainit will be celebrating its 78th foundation day. And, yehey, I am confident that I will still be around during the Centennial Celebration of Mainit in 2030.

In the mid-1750s (see related post here), the Spanish archives has recorded that Mainit was already called Pueblo de Mainit. My sister-in-law, went yesterday to the National Archives, and saw at least 3 Mosendes in the the archives' genealogy unit. One of them is Romualdo Mosende. I may need (or if one of you would have time), to visit the National Archives too and see interesting data from there.


Post: Zimmbodilion (
Jan 11, 2008

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Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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