(Glossogobius giuris) is a freshwater fish native to Mainit Lake. It is called “biya” in Tagalog and “white goby or tank goby” in English. The term “pidjanga” is also sometimes fondly used to refer to the Mainitnons, the people of the Municipality of Mainit, a town in Southern Philippines. This blog hopes to capture potentials of Migrants Pidjangas for the Development of our Town by attempting to document development issues, folk stories, and current concerns, about the Pidjanga — both the fish and the people.

During or After Magellan... the Mosende from La Coruna and Galicia, Spain

Fr. Scheurs wrote that right after the return of the lone surviving ship of the Magellan Expedition (1519-1523), the Victoria, a new Spanish fleet sailed from the port of La Coruña to the Islands of the West. The general command was given to Garcia Jofre de Loaisa, and Sebastian de Elcano as second in command. Sailing in the track of Magellan's voyage, and after hearthbreaking setbacks with one bad omen after another haunting the expedition i.e. six of the ships has sunk or disappeared from the fleet, the surviving ship, Santa Maria, reached Mindanao (chronicles suggest it was the island of San Juan, currently Siargao) on October 1526. To their astonishment, they were met by a survivor of Magellan's fleet, Gonzalo de Vigo, a native of Galicia, Spain.

In my early days of blogging, I have posted that there are places in Northern Spain named as Mosende, although, until now, I do not know whether they are political units or merely names of villages. But it seems they are equivalent to our Philippine municipalities. These are found in Lugo, Galicia Spain, and Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain. See here.

La Coruña (called A Coruña in Galician language) is also in Galicia, Spain. See here.

Last year, I found from the well-known Genealogical Society of Utah (the National Archives recommended this splendid work of the Mormons if one would want to trace its family tree), the names of Juan Mosende (1580) and Pedro Mosende (1610) coming from La Coruña, Spain (see here).

The above seem to confirm that the Mosende Family of Mainit and Placer, Surigao del Norte must have descended from the Mosende Clan of La Coruña, Spain

Sa ato pa, gikan sa La Coruña, iban ni Magellan sanan ni Loaisa (kaibanan isab si Fray Urdaneta) an mga-kapopo-popoan nan mga Mosende. Mga lumon... wara di sa kanao! Haruy di!

Schreurs, Peter. 2000. Caraga Antigua, 1521-1910: The Hispanization and Christianization of Agusan, Surigao, and East Davao. National Historical Institute.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® Premium Suite 2005. © 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation.

Written historical evidences of the relocation of Mainitnons from Daang Lungsod (currently San Isidro) to the present-day Poblacion due to the Hurricane of 1876. This was probably during the leadership (Cabeza de Barangay) of my great, great, great grandfather Don Saturnino Libarnes (see related post here). This also confirms the foundation of the poblacion as retold to me by Lolo Bitoy, Saturnino's grandson (see here).


pidjanga isab... said...

Your reasoning based on linking patches of historical facts is not far-fetched, lending a strong credibility that La Coruna, Galicia and the adventures of the pioneering Mosende strongly possible to have reached Mainit are indeed linkable. Padadjon lumon sa panuki-duki...

Juanito Mozar said...

Hello Zimm,

Si Juanito Mozar ini. Anak ni Coleto Mozar. It's nice to know that someone in the Mosende clan is working hard to dig up the family's geneological roots. Great job you're doing. More Power.

Juanito Mozar

Maradjao karadjao, Pilipinas!

Welcome to the online home of the Pidjangas from the Municipality of Mainit, Surigao del Norte, PHILIPPINES . Pidjanga, Pedianga, Pijanga, Pedjanga... amo ra ton... gikan sa ato danao! For comments and suggestion contact me at

CBCP News: Mining threatens 4th largest freshwater lake in PH

SEVEN are in the town of Mainit, Surigao del Norte... of the 15 exploration permits (EP) that the Regional Office 13 (CARAGA) of the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) of the Environment department approved as of June 30, 2010.

Read more at and Surigao Today.

If you want to support the protection of Lake Mainit, contact me at pidjangaATgmailDOTcom or 0917-800-4557. Zimm/Peter/Pidjanga

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